In this section

Agriculture, Food and Natural Resources

empty

The Agriculture, Food and Natural Resources (AFNR) Career Cluster® focuses on the essential elements of life—food, water, land and air. This career cluster includes a diverse spectrum of occupations, ranging from farmer, rancher and veterinarian to geologist, land conservationist and florist.

Programs of study

Animal Science

Animal Science Program of Study

The Animal Science program of study focuses on the science, research and business of animals and other living organisms. It teaches students how to apply biology and life science to real-world life processes of animals and wildlife, either in laboratories or in the field, which could include a veterinary office, a farm or ranch, or any outdoor area harboring animal life. Students may also research and analyze the growth and destruction of species and research or diagnose diseases and injuries of animals.

Course pathway

Note: This pathway is available at all GISD Campuses and the GRCTC.

LevelCampus pathwayGRCTC pathway
18A100
Principles of Agriculture, Food, and Natural Resources

8A100
Principles of Agriculture, Food, and Natural Resources

2

8A110S
Small Animal Management and/or

8A230S
Equine Science and/or

8A220
Livestock Production

8A110S
Small Animal Management and/or

8A230S
Equine Science and/or

8A220
Livestock Production

38A410, 8A415 DC
Advanced Animal Science

8A940
Veterinary Medical Applications/Lab

4

8A320/8A330
Practicum in Agriculture, Food, and Natural Resources

8A950/8A953
Practicum in Agriculture, Food, and Natural Resources

Potential careers

OccupationsMedian wageAnnual openings% Growth
Animal Breeders$39,135289%
Animal Scientists$57,5332212%
Medical Scientists$63,89843527%
Veterinarians$93,49629424%
Zoologists and Wildlife Biologists$67,3094532%

Postsecondary options

Below is a list of potential career certifications for a student interested in this pathway.

Education levelOptions
HS/Industry Certification
  • Licensed Veterinary Technician
  • Feedyard Technician in Cattle Care and Handling**
  • Certified Veterinary Assistant***
  • OSHA 30-hour General Industry**
Certificate/License*
  • Pet Groomer
  • Veterinary Technician
  • Licensed Breeder
Associate's Degree
  • Food Science and Technology
  • Veterinary Studies
  • Biotechnology Laboratory Technician
  • Biology Technician
Bachelor's Degree
  • Animal Sciences
  • Agriculture
  • Biology
  • Zoology/ Animal Biology
Master's/Doctoral Degree
  • Genetics
  • Veterinary Medicine
  • Biological and Physical Sciences
  • Biological and Biomedical Sciences

*Additional certification information is available from the TEA CTE website.

**Offered at GISD campuses
***Offered at the GRCTC

For more information on post-secondary options, visit the TXCTE website.

Expanded learning opportunities

One of the best ways to acquire experience in your chosen career is by engaging in exploration activities, work-based learning, or by joining a Career and Technical Student Organization (CTSO).

Exploration activities
  • Join the Texas FFA
Work-based learning activities
  • Participate in an Agri-Science Fair
  • Participate in 4H
  • Volunteer at a local farm or veterinary office
Applied Agricultural Engineering

Applied Agricultural Engineering Program of Study

The Applied Agricultural Engineering program of study explores the occupations and educational opportunities associated with applying knowledge of engineering technology and biological science to agricultural problems concerned with power and machinery, electrification, structures, soil and water conservation, and processing agricultural products. This program of study may also include exploration into diagnosing, repairing, or overhauling farm machinery and vehicles, such as tractors, harvesters, dairy equipment, and irrigation systems.

Course pathway

Note: This pathway is only available at Garland HS (GHS) and South Garland HS (SGHS).

LevelGHS and SGHS pathway
1

8A100
Principles of Agriculture, Food, and Natural Resources

2

8A200
Agricultural Mechanics and Metal Technologies and/or

8A360
Agricultural Structures Design and Fabrications

3

8A210
Agricultural Power Systems and/or

8A307
Agricultural Equipment Design and Fabrication

4

8A320/8A330
Practicum in Agriculture, Food, and Natural Resources

Potential careers

OccupationsMedian wageAnnual openings% Growth
Outdoor Power Equipment and Other Small Engine Mechanics$32,40636616%
Welders$41,3506,1719%
Farm Equipment Mechanics and Service Technicians$39,91530417%
Mobile Heavy Equipment Mechanics$47,2991,62716%
Agricultural Engineers$64,792913%

Postsecondary options

Below is a list of potential career certifications for a student interested in this pathway.

Education levelOptions
HS/Industry Certification
  • OSHA 30 Hour General Industry
  • Feedyard Technician in Machinery, Operation, Repair and Maintenance
  • AWS SENSE Welding Level 1, AWS D1.1 Structural Steele, AWS D9.1 Sheet Metal **
  • NCCER Core Certification**
Certificate/License*
  • Certified Professional Agronomist
  • Certified Reliability Engineer
  • Certified Irrigation Designer
  • Fluid Power Mobile Hydraulic Mechanic
Associate's Degree
  • Heavy Equipment Maintenance Technology/Technician
  • Agricultural Mechanization, General
  • Small Engine Mechanics and Repair Technology/Technician
  • Welding Technology/Welder
Bachelor's Degree
  • Agricultural Engineering
  • Agricultural Mechanization, General
Master's/Doctoral Degree
  • Agricultural Engineering
  • Agricultural Mechanization, General

*Additional certification information is available from the TEA CTE website.

**Offered at GHS and SGHS

For more information on post-secondary options, visit the TXCTE website.

Expanded learning opportunities

One of the best ways to acquire experience in your chosen career is by engaging in exploration activities, work-based learning, or by joining a Career and Technical Student Organization (CTSO).

Exploration activities
  • Tour a farm, products, or machinery plant
  • Join the Texas FFA
Work-based learning activities
  • Earn a welding certification
  • Intern at a farm, products, or machinery plant
Environmental and Natural Resources

Environmental and Natural Resources Program of Study

The Environmental and Natural Resources program of study explores the occupations and educational opportunities associated with the research, design and planning of engineering or technical duties in the prevention and control of environmental hazards. This program of study may also include exploration into conducting research for the purpose of identifying, abating, or eliminating sources of pollutants or hazards that affect either the environment or the health of the population.

Course pathway

Note: This pathway is available at all GISD campuses.

LevelCampus pathway
1

8A100
Principles of Agriculture, Food, and Natural Resources

2

8A120
Wildlife, Fisheries, and Ecology Management

3

8A250
Energy and Natural Resources Technology

4

8A320
Practicum in Agriculture, Food, and Natural Resources

Potential careers

OccupationsMedian wageAnnual openings% Growth
Environmental Engineering Technicians$53,35210132%
Environmental Engineers$86,75728825%
Environmental Science and Protection Technicians, Including Health$40,26850817%
Environmental Scientists and Specialists, Including Health$77,89664424%
Zoologists and Wildlife Biologists$67,3094532%

Postsecondary options

Below is a list of potential career certifications for a student interested in this pathway.

Education levelOptions
HS/Industry Certification
  • Wastewater Collections, Class 1
  • Water Operators, Class D
  • OSHA Hazardous Waste Operations and Emergency Response**
Certificate/License*
  • Board Certified Environmental Engineer-Hazardous Waste Management
  • Certified Water Technologist
  • Certified Environmental Scientist
  • Certified in Public Health
Associate's Degree
  • Environmental Science
  • Environmental Studies
  • Wildlife, Fish, and Woodlands Science and Management
  • Environmental Engineering Technology/ Environmental Technology
Bachelor's Degree
  • Environmental Science
  • Environmental/Environmental Health Engineering
  • Wildlife, Fish, and Woodlands Science and Management
  • Natural Resources Law Enforcement and Protective Services
Master's/Doctoral Degree
  • Environmental Science
  • Environmental/Environmental Health Engineering
  • Wildlife, Fish, and Woodlands Science and Management
  • Fishing and Fisheries Science and Management

*Additional certification information is available from the TEA CTE website.

**Offered at GISD campuses

For more information on post-secondary options, visit the TXCTE website.

Expanded learning opportunities

One of the best ways to acquire experience in your chosen career is by engaging in exploration activities, work-based learning, or by joining a Career and Technical Student Organization (CTSO).

Exploration activities
  • Attend summer leadership events
  • Join the Texas FFA
Work-based learning activities
  • Intern at a waste treatment plant
Food Science and Technology

Food Science and Technology Program of Study

The Food Science and Technology program of study explores the occupations and educational opportunities associated with working with agricultural and food scientists in food, fiber, animal research, production and processing. This program of study may also include assisting with animal breeding and nutrition, and conducting tests and experiments to improve yield and quality of crops or to increase the resistance of plants and animals to disease or insects.

Course pathway

Note: This pathway is available at Rowlett HS (RHS).

LevelRHS pathway
1

8A100
Principles of Agriculture, Food, and Natural Resources

2

8A213
Food Technology and Safety

3

8A273
Food Processing

4

8A320
Practicum in Agriculture, Food, and Natural Resources

Potential careers

OccupationsMedian wageAnnual openings% Growth
Agricultural and Food Science Technicians$34,38223611%
Supervisors of Production and Operating$62,1715,0949%
Inspectors, Testers, Sorters, Samplers, and Weighers$37,6896,6539%

Postsecondary options

Below is a list of potential career certifications for a student interested in this pathway.

Education levelOptions
HS/Industry Certification
  • OSHA 30-hour General Industry**
Certificate/License*
  • Certified Professional Agronomist
  • Certified Crop Advisor
  • Certified Weighing Salespersons
Associate's Degree
  • Food Science
Bachelor's Degree
  • Agricultural and Food Products Processing
  • Food Science and Nutrition
  • Food Science and Technology
Master's/Doctoral Degree
  • Quality Control Technology/Technician

*Additional certification information is available from the TEA CTE website.

**Offered at RHS

For more information on post-secondary options, visit the TXCTE website.

Expanded learning opportunities

One of the best ways to acquire experience in your chosen career is by engaging in exploration activities, work-based learning, or by joining a Career and Technical Student Organization (CTSO).

Exploration activities
  • Tour a food products processing facility
  • Join the Texas FFA
Work-based learning activities
  • Intern at a food products processing facility
Plant Science: Floral Design

Plant Science: Floral Design Program of Study

The Plant Science program of study focuses on the science, research, and business of plants and other living organisms. It teaches students how to apply biology and life science to real-world life processes of plants and vegetation, either in laboratories or in the field.

Course pathway

Note: This pathway is only available at Naaman Forest HS (NFHS).

LevelNFHS pathway
1

8A170
Horticultural Science

2

8A130S
Landscape Design

8A140S
Turf Grass Management

8A270
Greenhouse Operation and Production

8A160
Floral Design

3

8A240
Advanced Floral Design

8A418
Advanced Plant and Soil Science

4

8A320/8A330 EXT
Practicum in Agriculture, Food, and Natural Resources

Potential careers

OccupationsMedian wageAnnual openings% Growth
Soil and Plant Scientists$54,66211621%
Tree Trimmers and Pruners$32,24058914%
Pesticide Handlers, Sprayers, and Applicators$36,73319622%
Landscaping Supervisors$44,40880719%
Biological Technicians$42,93145217%

Postsecondary options

Below is a list of potential career certifications for a student interested in this pathway.

Education levelOptions
HS/Industry Certification
  • Landscape Irrigation Technician License
  • Commercial/Noncommercial Pesticide Applicator
  • Texas State Floral Association Level One Floral Certification**
  • Texas State Floral Association Level Two Floral Certification
Certificate/License*
  • Pesticide Applicator
  • Certified Floral Designer
  • Accredited Member of AIFD
  • Landscape Industry Certified Technician
Associate's Degree
  • Applied Horticulture/Horticulture Operations, General
  • Ornamental Horticulture
  • Agricultural Business and Management, General
  • Turf and Turfgrass Management
Bachelor's Degree
  • Applied Horticulture/Horticulture Operations, General
  • Agronomy and Crop Science
  • Agricultural Business and Management, General
  • Turf and Turfgrass Management
Master's/Doctoral Degree
  • Applied Horticulture/Horticulture Operations, General
  • Agronomy and Crop Science
  • Agricultural Business and Management, General
  • Farm/Farm and Ranch Management

*Additional certification information is available from the TEA CTE website.

**Added and offered at NFHS

For more information on post-secondary options, visit the TXCTE website.

Expanded learning opportunities

One of the best ways to acquire experience in your chosen career is by engaging in exploration activities, work-based learning, or by joining a Career and Technical Student Organization (CTSO).

Exploration activities
  • Join the Texas FFA
Work-based learning activities
  • Work part-time at a florist
  • Start or work for a local landscaping business
Plant Science: Greenhouse Operation

Plant Science: Greenhouse Operation Program of Study

The Plant Science program of study focuses on the science, research, and business of plants and other living organisms. It teaches students how to apply biology and life science to real-world life processes of plants and vegetation, either in laboratories or in the field.

Course pathway

Note: This pathway is only available at Naaman Forest HS (NFHS).

LevelNFHS pathway
1

8A170
Horticultural Science

2

8A130S
Landscape Design

8A140S
Turf Grass Management

8A270
Greenhouse Operation and Production

8A160
Floral Design

3

8A240
Advanced Floral Design

8A418
Advanced Plant and Soil Science

4

8A320/8A330 EXT
Practicum in Agriculture, Food, and Natural Resources

Potential careers

OccupationsMedian wageAnnual openings% Growth
Soil and Plant Scientists$54,66211621%
Tree Trimmers and Pruners$32,24058914%
Pesticide Handlers, Sprayers, and Applicators$36,73319622%
Landscaping Supervisors$44,40880719%
Biological Technicians$42,93145217%

Postsecondary options

Below is a list of potential career certifications for a student interested in this pathway.

Education levelOptions
HS/Industry Certification
  • Landscape Irrigation Technician License
  • Commercial/Noncommercial Pesticide Applicator
  • Texas State Floral Association Level One Floral Certification**
  • Texas State Floral Association Level Two Floral Certification
Certificate/License*
  • Pesticide Applicator
  • Certified Floral Designer
  • Accredited Member of AIFD
  • Landscape Industry Certified Technician
Associate's Degree
  • Applied Horticulture/Horticulture Operations, General
  • Ornamental Horticulture
  • Agricultural Business and Management, General
  • Turf and Turfgrass Management
Bachelor's Degree
  • Applied Horticulture/Horticulture Operations, General
  • Agronomy and Crop Science
  • Agricultural Business and Management, General
  • Turf and Turfgrass Management
Master's/Doctoral Degree
  • Applied Horticulture/Horticulture Operations, General
  • Agronomy and Crop Science
  • Agricultural Business and Management, General
  • Farm/Farm and Ranch Management

*Additional certification information is available from the TEA CTE website.

**Added and offered at NFHS

For more information on post-secondary options, visit the TXCTE website.

Expanded learning opportunities

One of the best ways to acquire experience in your chosen career is by engaging in exploration activities, work-based learning, or by joining a Career and Technical Student Organization (CTSO).

Exploration activities
  • Join the Texas FFA
Work-based learning activities
  • Work part-time at a florist
  • Start or work for a local landscaping business
Plant Science: Landscape Design

Plant Science: Landscape Design Program of Study

The Plant Science program of study focuses on the science, research, and business of plants and other living organisms. It teaches students how to apply biology and life science to real-world life processes of plants and vegetation, either in laboratories or in the field.

Course pathway

Note: This pathway is only available at Naaman Forest HS (NFHS).

LevelNFHS pathway
1

8A170
Horticultural Science

2

8A130S
Landscape Design

8A140S
Turf Grass Management

8A270
Greenhouse Operation and Production

8A160
Floral Design

3

8A240
Advanced Floral Design

8A418
Advanced Plant and Soil Science

4

8A320/8A330 EXT
Practicum in Agriculture, Food, and Natural Resources

Potential careers

OccupationsMedian wageAnnual openings% Growth
Soil and Plant Scientists$54,66211621%
Tree Trimmers and Pruners$32,24058914%
Pesticide Handlers, Sprayers, and Applicators$36,73319622%
Landscaping Supervisors$44,40880719%
Biological Technicians$42,93145217%

Postsecondary options

Below is a list of potential career certifications for a student interested in this pathway.

Education levelOptions
HS/Industry Certification
  • Landscape Irrigation Technician License
  • Commercial/Noncommercial Pesticide Applicator
  • Texas State Floral Association Level One Floral Certification**
  • Texas State Floral Association Level Two Floral Certification
Certificate/License*
  • Pesticide Applicator
  • Certified Floral Designer
  • Accredited Member of AIFD
  • Landscape Industry Certified Technician
Associate's Degree
  • Applied Horticulture/Horticulture Operations, General
  • Ornamental Horticulture
  • Agricultural Business and Management, General
  • Turf and Turfgrass Management
Bachelor's Degree
  • Applied Horticulture/Horticulture Operations, General
  • Agronomy and Crop Science
  • Agricultural Business and Management, General
  • Turf and Turfgrass Management
Master's/Doctoral Degree
  • Applied Horticulture/Horticulture Operations, General
  • Agronomy and Crop Science
  • Agricultural Business and Management, General
  • Farm/Farm and Ranch Management

*Additional certification information is available from the TEA CTE website.

**Added and offered at NFHS

For more information on post-secondary options, visit the TXCTE website.

Expanded learning opportunities

One of the best ways to acquire experience in your chosen career is by engaging in exploration activities, work-based learning, or by joining a Career and Technical Student Organization (CTSO).

Exploration activities
  • Join the Texas FFA
Work-based learning activities
  • Work part-time at a florist
  • Start or work for a local landscaping business
Students tending a garden

Graduation planning

Endorsement: Business & Industry

See course descriptions and additional information on the high school course descriptions page.